But few know her story, where she came from. The appearance of the dolls surprises the little ones – what lies inside, what is it, the smallest doll! When the main secret is open, an interesting, fascinating game begins: which figure is smaller – larger, higher – lower. The creative project white nesting dolls are dedicated to working with preschoolers to study the history of the emergence of a folk toy, and to actively use dolls in independent play activities.
Matryoshka is valuable not only as a cute toy for babies. It can be used as a means of comprehensive development of the child’s personality. Matryoshka used in the classroom for social and communicative, speech, educational, artistic, aesthetic, physical development. Acquaintance with the history of toys, folk crafts, craftsmen who make these toys, the geography of the nesting dolls, and the place of production contributes to the social and communicative development of the child. Games with this toy bring joy to children. Based on the foregoing, it is safe to say that the doll is the subject of folk pedagogy, which contributes to the full development of the personality.
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Social significance of the Purchase:
Russian matryoshka is a true wonder of the world. Present, since it was and remains a creation of human hands. Wonder of the World – because in a surprising way the toy symbol of Russia moves around the world, not recognizing any transformations, distances, borders. But the doll is primarily a toy for children, and a very useful toy. Any modern allowance can envy its pedagogical value. This wonderful folk toy had a deserved recognition among Russian teachers and was regarded as a classic didactic material, as a genuine folk gift to young children. Matryoshka is a unique Russian toy. Together with the Russian birch and the Russian samovar, it became a symbol of Russia.
This edition introduces readers to the origin, existence and art of making Russian doll – matryoshka. Along with the story of the leading traditional crafts for its production, located in the Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod and Kirov regions, there are pages of the history of the small nesting dolls almost forgotten by now. Considered such a vivid phenomenon of the last decades, as the author’s matryoshka, with its inherent variety of artistic and technological techniques that are used by modern talented craftsmen.
The first Russian nesting doll was created in the 1890s by master VasilyZvezdochkin and artist Sergey Malyutin, inspired by a Japanese toy consisting of several figurines nested into each other. In the collection of the Museum of Toys in SergievPosad, the same matryoshka with Malyutinsky paintings has been preserved. Nowadays, it is a necessary doll accessory for men.
Variety of Russian souvenirs
Perhaps, so bright and impressive traditional souvenirs, like in Russia, cannot be found in any country in the world. In the company “Matryoshka” you can buy unique works of art handmade, telling about the features of the mysterious Russian soul and the rich culture of the Russian people. Surely no one is indifferent to a bright Russian matryoshka, a sparkling samovar with an original doll, a painted casket, a balalaika, souvenir felt boots and other masterpieces of Russian culture.
The popularity of Russian nesting dolls was even mentioned by Forbes.com in an article here.
Huge selection of souvenirs
Felt boots, decorated as an original souvenir, or miniature models of this traditional Russian footwear; thousands of varieties of nesting dolls – “Russian beauty”, pleasing children and adults with their beauty, brightness and original design;
Pavlograd scarves, decorated with bright ornaments, including handicrafts, made by labor-intensive and complex technology;
Dolls on a samovar or a teapot – colorful mistresses, who make the process of tea drinking into a real holiday;
Tula samovars are the national attributes of Russian tea drinking, thanks to which tea becomes tastier, and conversation makes it cozier and warmer.
Hats with earflaps – fur hats, with which many foreigners associate the image of the Russian people;
caskets – wooden, metal, plastic boxes or containers made from natural materials, covered with leather, cloth, precious stones, carvings, embossing, or painted according to traditional Russian technologies;
Zhostovo trays of thin steel, painted in floral themes with special bright colors on a black background;
Khokhloma – boxes, trays, dishes and other items decorated with expressive Khokhloma painting;
Balalaika souvenir – a musical instrument that foreigners consider a necessary attribute of a Russian person, along with felt boots, earflaps, dolls and bears
Birch barks box or basket;
Napkins and towels decorated with embroidery.All of the above souvenirs have recently been compiled by a mouse, keyboards, flash drives, phone cases and other modern devices, decorated in the traditional Russian style. Such gifts will surely appeal to young travelers. Often barrels with black caviar, Russian vodka, photobooks and books about Russian culture “leave” as souvenirs abroad.
Photographer from Russia AndreyVologodsky and journalist Anastasia Strokova went to the village of PolkhovskyMaidan, Nizhny Novgorod region, to show how the main Russian souvenir is made – a matryoshka.
In the village of PolkhovskyMaiden, Nizhny Novgorod region little has changed over hundreds of years. The same wooden houses with tiles: The same broken roads. The same lime forest. The same fishing for four centuries in a row, the most recognizable souvenir of Russia, the nested doll, has been born in the local workshops.
The peasants of the village adopted a turning craft from the monks of the Sarov monastery. At the beginning of the 20th century, wooden crafts began to be burned, a little later to paint then formed the characteristic Maiden ornament and landscape compositional plot.
It used to be a whole production and was called “Red Dawn”, where the whole village sharpened and painted matryoshka. They even went to their homes and checked to see if anyone sharpens homes. But with the collapse of the Soviet Union, the factory was gone. The whole village is now sharpening houses. Today, private entrepreneurs continue the tradition of fishing. The secrets of turning and the unique polkhov-Maidan painting are passed from father to son, from mother to daughter.
People live here simply. Honestly work. Forest is prepared, which will then be used for wooden utensils and toys. Raw materials are taken in the forest. Who does not want to go into the woods, buys wood, ordering a complete ZIL car (in winter the cost is 17,000 dollars), and in the summer – 20,000. 12 km from the village there is a forest. There you buy permission from the forester, and he shows where you can chop, and where – no. There are also such people who are hacking without documents, but if they are caught, they will issue a fine of 100,000 dollars.